maize color, maize

Maize Color: How Many Colors of Maize Are There? 5 New Varieties

There are many different maize colors. The most common color is a dark green, but there are also other colors such as yellow or red. See more maize color.

Maize is not only used for food but also for decoration. It can be used to make jewelry, clothing and more.

The color of the maize may depend on several factors such as the variety and growing conditions:


There are many different kinds of corn in the world. Some may have these colors while others do not.

For example, purple corn has never been seen before until recently when it was discovered by accident by a farmer who wanted to see if he could grow something new and unique.

The farmer planted some seeds that he got from a friend in Mexico and they were so happy when they grew into beautiful purple ears of corn!

maize color

Growing Conditions:

If you know where your corn came from or what kind of soil it was grown in, then you might notice that some varieties will have brighter colors than others because the soil conditions vary from place to place.

This can affect whether or not your plants produce colorful ears or not!

Maize is the name of the grain used to make cornmeal, grits and other cereals. It’s also called corn in some areas.

What Is Maize?

Maize (Zea mays) is a cereal grain that originated in Mexico and Central America.

It was first cultivated by Native Americans around 7000 B.C., and its cultivation spread throughout the Americas over time.

Today, maize is grown in every continent except Antarctica.

How many colors of maize are there?

People Have Bred Maize for Different Colors, Flavors and Other Desirable Traits

There are many different varieties of maize. The most common maize colors are blue, red, yellow and black. However, there are several others that you may not have heard of before.

These include white, purple and orange; green; brown; multi-colored; bicolor (black with red); striped; speckled (with spots); pink and grey plum varieties that have been bred by humans over time to create new colors of corn kernels.


Another type is called a “bicolor” type which has two maize colors on the same kernel of corn – for example black with red or vice versa. This means there will be black patches throughout the ear where some kernels are completely black while others have only tiny specks of either color.”

The Kernel of Maize

Each kernel of maize is a fruit, the kernel contains an embryo and endosperm with their own genomes, which are covered by a seed coat.

The kernel is the part of a corn cob that’s edible. It consists of three parts:

  1. The soft white fleshy part called “mush,”
  2. The hard endosperm, and
  3. An embryo with its own genome.

The seed coat covers all those parts.

The term “cob” refers to the stem or stalk that grows out of the center of a corn plant, which bears male and female flowers on separate plants (and sometimes one plant will have both).

This long stem can be eaten when young but it becomes tough as it ages so most people don’t eat it anymore – unless they’re hungry enough!

In order to make use of all these different components of maize as food sources, we must first get them out from inside each kernel in order to process them further into other types of foods like flour or tortillas.

The Maize Color Kernels Vary Depending on Their Hilum

The hilum is where the seed was attached to the cob. It’s visible in kernels as a small dark spot in the center of each kernel (it’s also sometimes referred to as a “dent”).

You might be wondering, what is it and what does it do?

The hilum is a scar from where the seed was attached to the cob; its role is simply to provide evidence of where each kernel came from, allowing for easy identification if there’s any question about whether your corn has been cross-pollinated.

So far so good – but how does this color come into play? The color refers specifically to how dark or light that dent appears; some dents will appear blackish-brown while others will be shades of grayish-white or tan.

Maize Color Comes in Varieties

Maize comes in red, blue, white, black and yellow varieties. The color is not just a preference of the farmer or consumer – it’s actually due to genetic makeup.

maize color

The corn plant has a hilum on the top of each kernel that contains pigment called zeaxanthin. A mutation occurs when there is no pigment in this spot; thus creating the different maize colors.

This mutation happens naturally but it can also be bred into certain types through selective breeding practices by farmers and scientists alike.

Keeping Distinct Corn Kernel Colors Pure.

In traditional agriculture, breeders had to be careful to keep distinct corn kernel colors pure. This was because different varieties of maize possess different properties and characteristics.

Kernels from one variety might be more resistant to insects than another, or they may have a longer shelf life in storage. Breeders needed these qualities for their crops, so they had to make sure that different maize colors did not contaminate each other’s genetic makeup.

Today, however, we can use genetic sequencing technologies like DNA sequencing to understand how genes affect the color of corn kernels – and then crossbreed them through simple laboratory techniques.

Crossbreed Through Simple Laboratory Techniques

Today, geneticists can crossbreed different varieties of maize through simple laboratory techniques.

For example, a scientist might isolate a specific gene from one variety of maize and insert it into another variety to create a new plant with desirable traits. Geneticists have also been able to breed new types of maize using marker-assisted selection or CRISPR.

In these cases, certain genes are identified as having desirable properties (such as resistance to certain pests) and then bred into other varieties of maize with similar characteristics.

DNA Sequencing

DNA sequencing has helped scientists understand how genes affect the color of corn kernels.

DNA sequencing is a technique for determining the sequence of nucleotides in DNA molecules. The technique was first described by Frederick Sanger and coworkers in 1977, and rapidly became a standard tool for molecular biology.

DNA sequencing methods are also used to determine the sequence of the linear peptide chains that make up proteins in genomes and proteomes.

Protein sequencing is an essential part of molecular biology and genetics, as well as having uses in medicine (e.g., genomics) and other areas such as food science.

In clinical settings, protein sequencing may be used to identify genetic disorders or help diagnose infectious diseases.

The Teosinte

Teosinte looks much like grass rather than a cob of corn.

You may be surprised to learn that maize, as we know it today, has not always been the same. The traditional corn we eat today is actually a hybrid of two plants: teosinte and another wild grass called Tripsacum.

maize color

Teosinte looks much like grass rather than a cob of corn with its small cobs (with only three or four kernels) and numerous leaves.

The ancient peoples in Mexico domesticated maize from a wild plant called teosinte. They selected the best characteristics of each variety of teosinte they discovered and bred them together over time until they developed modern maize varieties like sweet corn or popcorn!

Modern Science has Unlocked the Secrets Behind Colorful Kernels of Corn.

Contemporary scientists have unlocked the secrets behind colorful kernels of corn. Geneticist can use DNA sequencing to understand what genes affect kernel colors, and they can then use that knowledge to breed new varieties of maize with particular colors or flavors.

In fact, most of the commercially available blue, yellow, orange and red corn products today were created through selective breeding by scientists.

Gene editing has also played a role in creating new maize colors for seeds. For example, scientists have used CRISPR–Cas9 gene editing technology to insert specific genes into maize plants that produce bright orange and purple kernels with sweet white flesh (the part you eat).

What Color Code is Maize?

The maize color depends on the pigment found in its seed coat. The two most common varieties are yellow and blue, but red is also found occasionally.

When a plant has more than one color, it is referred to as “multicolored”. The maize code for these plants is YB (yellow-blue), RB (red-blue) or YRB (yellow-red-blue).

What is The Color of a Corn?

Corn is a grain crop grown for its grain, which has several uses. Corn can be eaten fresh as corn on the cob, used to make cornbread, or ground into cornmeal that is used in breads, cereals and other foods.

Yellow, orange and red are common colors of corn kernels. Some varieties are black, purple or blue.

There are many different types of corns available today: dent corns (which have more than one hard kernel), flint corns (with only one hard kernel), popcorn (which pops when heated) and sweet corns (with fewer starchy kernels).

The color of a corn depends on the variety but most are yellow, orange or red with white interiors – some have stripes instead!

What Colors Make Maize Yellow?

Yellow maize is a variety of maize grown mostly in the United States and South Africa. It can be used as animal feed and as a human food, which is sometimes called cornstarch. Yellow maize has a bright yellow color that makes it easy to spot.

Yellow maize does not contain any genetically modified material, so you don’t have to worry about any health risks associated with eating GMO products. In fact, the only thing that makes this corn different from other varieties is its natural pigment!


Maize colors are available in both high starch and low starch varieties.

The high starch varieties tend to be used as human food, while the low starch varieties tend to be used more as animal feed.

The differences between the two types come primarily from how the kernel at the heart of each corn is structured, and the pH level of that kernel.